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About Ploiesti

The city was founded by Mihai Viteazul, in 1599, who knew the area for its abundance of fishing and hunting spots. As almost all of Romania's cities, Ploiesti first started as a village, and then made its way through development and modernism, keeping pace with times and adapting.

During its existence, Ploiesti has been desired by many and attacked repeatedly. Although badly damaged after the November 1940 earthquake, it was spotted by the Nazi Germany, as a significant source for oil, and was catured by the Soviet Troups, in August 1944.

After World War II, the new Communist regime nationalised the oil industry, which, by then, had largely been privately owned, massive investments in the oil and petroleum industry being made, in order to modernise the country and repair the war damage.

With the help of the US investment, the world's first large refinery was opened at Ploiesti, in 1856-1857. However, after being taken by the Nazi Germany, the city's refineries were bombed in Operation Tidal Wave by the Allies during the Oil Campaign of World War II.

The city went through a lot, but managed to pull through, and, after the Romanian Revolution of 1989, when Ceausescu was taken down, it experienced rapid economic growth due to major investments from foreign companies.

Ploiesti is today a strong industrial center and still focuses on the oil production and refining industry. Although oil production in the region is declining steadily, there is still a thriving processing industry through four operating oil refineries, linked by pipelines to Bucharest, the Danube port of Giurgiu and the Black Sea port of Constanta.

Besides the oil production and refinery industry, Ploiesti is also known for the education, being home to UPG - Universitatea de Petrol si Gaze (Petroleum-Gas University of Ploiesti), as well as for its many cultural and architectural monuments, which include the Cultural Palace, the Clock Museum, boasting a vast collection of clocks and watches, the Oil Museum, the Art Museum, and the beautiful and historical statues spread throughout its area.

Quick Facts

- The country code is: 40

- The city code is: 44