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About Hunedoara



Hunedoara was an important iron extracting and processing center in Transylvania, the swords and spears, made in the 14th and 15th centuries, in the iron foundries and works, being famous for their stiffness, in a period of intense fighting with the Ottoman Turks.

Starting with the 14th century, Hunedoara has been, for a long time, mainly known as the residence of the Hunyadi family, during which time, the city became a market (opidum) for iron, and was named a tax-free area, by Matthias Corvinus, privilege which lasted until the 17th century.

By the 19th century, Hunedoara became more and more industrialized, and peasants from regions nearby began to move to the city, thus, the population increasing.

The city grew larger, but the communist collapse, vanished the old markets for steel, and many enterprises, which were opened in the meanwhile, were closed or abandoned, more than half of the city's population loosing their job.

As the years gone by, Hunedoara managed to get over the "down" times, today, presenting itself as one of the country's most appealing cities, drawing numerous visitors from around Romania and around the globe, with its beauty and rich, layered history.

The Castle known both by the name Corvin's Castle and Hunyadi Castle is the city's biggest attraction, being impressive in both size and architectural beauty. The castle is among the region's most precious monuments of medieval art, subsequent developments mixing Gothic style with Renaissance and Baroque. It lies on a rock around which flows the river Zlasti, and boasts an impressive draw bridge, countless towers, a number of interior courts, and two large halls, "Knight Hall" and "Diet Hall", as it housed the diet of Transylvania for a very short period.

The Oak Forest of Chizid, standing on a hill near Hunedoara, is also a "must", when visiting, being a great spot to get a panoramic view of the city.

Other attractions, considered not-to-be-missed, when visiting Hunedoara, include Hunedoara Zoo, perhaps, the perfect attraction to visit in the city, if accompanied by the family, and the Cincis Accumulation Lake, where foundations, walls of houses, churches wells and other villages remains can be found other water.

The Nandru Caves were also a major attraction in the area, given that they contain cultural artefacts and burial grounds of Neanderthals, but there are closed for the public, as of February, 2007.