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About Baia Mare

As one of the country's most important mining centers, Baia Mare has a history of more than 2,000 years of gold, silver, and other nonferrous metals extractions.

First mentioned in documents, in 1329, Baia Mare has preserved some its medieval past around the main town square, Piata Libertatii, the oldest house, a long-gone castle built by Transylvanian prince Iancu de Hunedoara for his wife Elisabeta, appropriately named Casa Elisabeta (Elizabeth House), dating since the 1400s, standing on the east side of the square.

Watching above the square, there is the Gothic-style 120-foot-tall watchtower, Stephen's Tower (Turnul lui Stefan), spanning six centuries of history.

Next to Piata Izvoarelor (Springs Square), there is another important piece of local history - the Butchers' Tower (Turnul Macelarilor), the only remaining part of the town's 15th century medieval fortifications.

In addition to the historical side of Baia Mare, visitors will also enjoy a cultural side, which comprises Baia Mare Art Museum and Baia Mare Mine Flowers Museum, both very popular attractions in the city.

Baia Mare is an excellent starting point for the numerous cultural and natural attractions in the Maramures region, dominated by a landscape of mountains and rolling hills.

Gutai-Ignis natural reserve, the wooden churches in Surdesti and Plopis, and Dan Les' potery workshop in Baia Sprie are all within a 20 miles radius from Baia Mare, also close-by being Rodnei Mountains National Park, a natural reserve filled with a rich diversity of flora and fauna, which has been awarded biosphere status by UNESCO.

As one of the most picturesque cities in Romania, Baia Mare has plenty to offer and it is always a delightful experience for visitors!

Quick Facts

~ Location: Northwestern Romania

~ County: Maramures

~ First documented: 1329 AD

~ Population: 149,735

~ Size: 20 sq. miles

~ Elevation: 729 ft.